**PIG EARS**


Geographical Themes in World History


1. Location: there are two types

a. Absolute location refers to the exact location on the earth surface in time and space

b. Relative location: orient yourself to a location that is in relation to something else. (example: the
river)

2. Place includes those features and characteristics that give an area its own identity or personality.

3. Human/Environment Interaction focuses on how people respond to and alter their environment.

(How people choose to change their environment depends on their attitude toward the natural setting and on the technology they have available to change it.)

4. The Movement of people and things between places means that events in other places can have an impact on you personally.

(Cultural Diffusion:
The movement of people is particularly important because it can spread ideas and cultural characteristics from one place to another.)

5. A Region is an area that is unified by some feature or a mixture of features, either physical or human. (example: common language)


Historical Themes in World History


1. Cooperation/Conflict focuses on how people relate to each other throughout history~sometimes in cooperation, working together to accomplish a common goal,
at other times in conflict, struggling against one another.

2. Revolution/Reaction deals with revolution, or the sudden overthrow of long-established ideas and organizations, contrasted with reaction, or the efforts to oppose new ideas and preserve traditional ways.

3. Change includes political, social, religious, cultural, and economic transformations (that influence human activities throughout the centuries.)

4. Diversity/Uniformity focuses on the diversity or variety of world peoples and customs,
contrasted with the desire for uniformity or commonality in some societies.

5.Regionalism/Nationalism deals with a sense of loyalty and belonging, expressed in ties to a region, to a nation, or to the world as a whole~to the global community.

6. Innovation includes cultural, scientific, and technical breakthroughs that increase knowledge and impact the way people live and think.

7. Cultural Diffusion focuses on the spread of cultural expressions through a variety of means across nations, regions, and the world.

8. Movement involves the movement of people throughout history, including patterns of migration, exploration, and colonization as well as imperialism~people in one place on the globe exercising control over people in another place.

9. Relation to Environment emphasizes human-environment interchange --how people are affected by their environment and, in turn, how they affect that same environment.